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problem is that slums don’t tend to leave as great a archaeological record as normal buildings. The building materials tend to get re-used generation to generation. Hard to reconstruct them as a result.
Also, bear in mind that as a City State, what was pictured was only the hub settlement. The poorer farmers lived out in the outlying demes.
Final point is that Athens had a fairly simple class system. You were either a woman, foreigner, slave or citizen. Women and Slaves would be attached to a citizen’s household. Foreigners wouldn’t have had an enormous year-round presence.
Of the citizens, you’d either be a wealthy aristocrat/politician, likely owning land in the city of Athens proper. Or you’d be a poorer farmer type. You’d either own a modest house in Athens, or hold land in one of the demes.
(Yes this may simplify horridly, but it’s what I remember off the top of my head without fishing for textbooks)